Eu Mercosur Trade Agreement Pdf

The EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement: A Comprehensive Guide

The European Union (EU) and the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) have recently signed a historic trade agreement that is set to increase trade between the two regions to unprecedented levels. The EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement was signed on June 28, 2019, and aims to enhance trading conditions between Europe and South America. This article will provide a comprehensive guide to the EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement and its implications.

What is the EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement?

The EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement is a trade deal between the EU and the Mercosur countries, which include Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. The agreement is expected to create a market of 780 million consumers, making it one of the largest free trade areas in the world.

The agreement aims to eliminate or reduce tariffs and other trade barriers between the two regions, opening up opportunities for businesses and consumers alike. The deal covers a wide range of sectors, including goods and services, intellectual property, and government procurement.

Benefits of the EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement

The EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement has significant economic benefits for both regions. The agreement will increase trade between the EU and Mercosur countries by an estimated €4 billion annually, benefiting businesses and consumers on both sides.

The deal will also create new opportunities for EU companies to access the South American market, particularly in sectors such as automotive, chemical, and pharmaceuticals. Mercosur countries will benefit from increased exports of agricultural products, such as beef, poultry, and sugar.

In addition to economic benefits, the EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement includes provisions for sustainable development, environmental protection, and human rights. The agreement includes commitments to combat deforestation, protect biodiversity, and promote responsible business practices.

Challenges to the EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement

The EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement has faced opposition from some quarters, particularly with concerns about environmental and social impacts. Critics argue that increased trade could lead to increased deforestation and damage to the Amazon rainforest, with serious consequences for indigenous communities and the environment.

There are also concerns about the impact of increased competition on small-scale farmers in Europe. The deal could lead to increased imports of beef and other agricultural products from Mercosur countries, which could undercut European producers and lead to job losses.


The EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement is an ambitious and comprehensive deal that has the potential to boost economic growth and promote sustainable development. The agreement will create new opportunities for businesses on both sides and could help to address some of the challenges facing the global economy.

At the same time, the agreement must be carefully implemented to ensure that it does not have negative social or environmental impacts. Vigorous monitoring and enforcement mechanisms will be essential to ensure that the agreement delivers its intended benefits while respecting human rights and protecting the environment.

Overall, the EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement is a significant milestone in the evolution of trade relations between Europe and South America and has the potential to create a more prosperous and sustainable future for both regions.